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NJL People: Jennifer Middleton, CHC

Jen developed her health law knowledge and experience from working in the Minnesota Attorney General’s Office for five years and for a large health care system. She’s represented a variety of professional health licensing boards, managed care organizations, health systems, and practitioners and provided legal advice on issues from fraud, waste, and abuse to data privacy standards. Because of her extensive background in government enforcement, Jen is well-versed in federal and state laws impacting her health care clients, including the Anti-Kickback Statute, the Physician Self-Referral (Stark) law, HIPAA, the Minnesota Government Data Practices Act, the Corporate Practice of Medicine, and the Professional Firms Act. She is adept at understanding her clients’ needs, steering them in the right direction, and providing practical strategies to meet their business goals. Her interest in health care has been lifelong – her mother is a nurse practitioner – allowing Jen to provide her clients with advice that addresses both business and legal considerations, allowing them to focus on their medical practice.

Key Practice Experience

  • Regulatory Compliance
  • Professional health licensing board defense
  • Data privacy and security standards
  • Fraud, waste, and abuse regulations
  • Credentialing and privileging advising and representation
  • Business Associate Agreements and general contracting
  • Internal health care investigations
  • Compliance program advising and audits
  • Attorney General investigation and enforcement actions
  • Nonprofit formation and dissolution
  • Assistant Attorney General – Health Licensing Division, Minnesota Attorney General’s Office

Key Industry Experience

  • Health care
  • Insurance
  • Nonprofits

Representative Matters

  • Advised multiple managed care organizations on Stark, Anti-Kickback Statute, and False Claims Act implications.
  • Advised clients on state licensure laws, scope of practice, and corporate practice of medicine issues.
  • Advised a health system on HIPAA and the Minnesota Health Records Act compliance requirements.


  • Successfully represented a physician in a privileging action before a hospital system, resulting in no disciplinary action being taken against the physician.
  • Successfully represented multiple managed care organizations in credentialing actions against practitioners.
  • Obtained a favorable ruling from the Minnesota Court of Appeals in a health licensing action.
  • Litigated hundreds of matters as an Assistant Attorney General representing professional health licensing boards, including the Minnesota Boards of Nursing, Dentistry, Veterinary Medicine, Chiropractic Examiners, Optometry, Nursing Home Examiners, Social Work, Marriage and Family Therapy, and Behavioral Health

Community Engagement

  • Hennepin County Self-Help Clinic volunteer lawyer with the Volunteer Lawyer’s Network
  • Volunteer lawyer with The Advocates, representing immigrants on asylum cases
  • Mid-Minnesota Legal Aid Associate Campaign Fundraiser Volunteer

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